New laws passed in Victoria will mean that you must register as a sex offender for life if you are charged with sex offences against a child.
If you do register, you will need to report to the police for three years, and are subject to a 12-month curfew.
The laws were introduced in April 2017, but were only enacted last week, when the Commonwealth was embroiled in the Andrew Bolt affair, with a former federal minister, Scott Morrison, facing criminal charges.
Victorian Premier Daniel Andrews has said the laws will “help us crack down on people who prey on vulnerable young people”.
The Victorian government has not yet responded to ABC requests for comment on the laws, but said it will “work closely with the states and territories in relation to this issue”.
Victorians are already subject to tougher laws when they are arrested, including for offences such as indecent assault, indecent assault with a firearm, sexual penetration, and voyeurism.
While those laws are in place, the Victorian government said it was also introducing legislation to make the reporting requirements more stringent, and make it harder for someone to escape a charge if they are in the care of the police.
Victoria’s new laws came into effect on Wednesday.
What you need do before you register as sex offender in Victoria?
Before you register, it is important to understand how it works.
Your crime will be assessed by the Victorian Crimes Court, and if convicted you could face a maximum of five years in prison.
When will I have to register?
The register will only be in effect for 12 months.
Once you register your conviction, you must report to police within 72 hours of your arrest.
You could be charged with breaching the register if you do not report within 24 hours of arrest.
How long will it take for the register to be completed?
It will take about three weeks for the Register of Offenders to be in place.
How much time will I need to register before I can be released from custody?
If convicted of a crime, a person could be sentenced to up to 15 years in jail, or be placed on the Sex Offenders Register for life.
This could happen, for example, if someone was arrested for breaching the sex offenders register.
What do I need in order to register as an offender in Queensland?
There are two types of offenders who need to make an application for a register.
Those who are not convicted of any crime and are still in the custody of the state and/or local authorities, and/ or are considered to be at risk of reoffending, are not eligible to register.
However, if convicted of one of these offences, you can register as long as you are at least 18 and have not been convicted of another serious offence, including serious sexual offending.
Who are the offences that can be registered?
You can register for sexual offences against children if you have been charged with: A sexual offence committed with a child under 16.
A serious sexual offence against a person under 16 who is under 18.
An offence against any person under the age of 16 who you know has a sexual relationship with a person of the same or opposite sex, or to whom you have made or given gifts or money.
In Victoria, the maximum penalty for an offence is 15 years.
Queensland has had two offences that are not registered, and both have been repealed.
For more information on the register, visit the Sex offenders register website.
What can I do if I am charged with a sex offence?
Victims who have been found guilty of a sexual offence will not be automatically registered, unless the offence was committed against them.
Victims can apply to the Victorian Police for an arrest warrant.
If you are in Victoria, you should contact your local police station for more information.
In Victoria there are a number of other options available if you wish to report a sexual crime to police, including the Sex Crimes Referral Service (SRS), which is run by the Australian Federal Police.
You can contact your police station to arrange for an SRS referral if you suspect you are a victim of a sex crime.
In Queensland, if you believe you are the victim of sexual violence, or you know a child who is a victim, you may also contact the Queensland Child Protection Service (QCPPS) to report any child who may be at an early age at risk.
There is also a referral service in the Northern Territory.
If you are interested in receiving a child protection referral, you might also consider calling the Children’s Emergency Service (CES) for advice on how to contact them.
In the Northern Territories, the Child Abuse Hotline can be reached by calling 1800 135 00.
In New South Wales, the Childrens Advice Line can be contacted on 1800 728 738.
If someone is charged with an offence, you